Overview of Bhutan

Bhutan is one of the only a few countries which have been independent throughout the History. It is believed that Bhutan was in habited as early as on 1960’s when the Monpa migrated from Tibet. In ancient time Bhutan was Known by less fanciful names. It was called Lho Mon, meaning “Dark Southland”, referring to south of Tibet. It was also called Lho Menjong, meaning the “South Land of Medicinal Herbs. Some time called Lhomen Khazhi which means South Land of four approaches”. In 8th century Tantric master Guru Padmasambahava came to Bhutan from Tibet and Meditated in Tiger Nest “Tak Tshang” in Paroand Buddhism start strongly from that century. But how ever due to the faith and devotion of Bhutanese People different spiritual master of Buddhism came to Bhutan. However In 1616 AD Lama Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal came to Bhutan and not only he unified Bhutan Zhabdrung also founded the modern Bhutanese state again propagated Drukpa school throughout Bhutanby building the various monasteries and Dzong (Fortress) with established the system of law .From than country name to be known as “ Druk Yul” means “Land of Thunder Dragon” and people came to be known as “Drukpa” . After death of Zhabdrung and two century later the Civil servant, monastic body and people of Bhutan appointed the Trongsar penlop Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuk as first King of Bhutan in 17 December 1907 in Punakha Dzong and now in Bhutan is hereditary monarchy of fifth king Jigme Kheser Namgyal Wangchuk . Bhutan, which is tiny Himalayan Kingdom of 38,394 sq km like a sandwich between north China and south India with the 7,00,000 people experience the modern and ancient historic past events. Because of pristine environment and exotic cultural Tradition some called Bhutan as Last” Shangri – La”. Peaceful country and having value in everything our country some called as “The Land of Gross National Happiness”. One of the main Attractions for the Tourist in our country because of Country’s unique Culture and tradition, unspoiled natural environment and nature of people live in harmony and honest.

Natural Environment

For Centuries, Bhutanese have treasured the natural environment mostly pristine and undisturbed because of national policy to maintain 60% of under forest cover for conservation but currently about 72% of the land is under protected by nation parks and wildlife sanctuaries with the 200 species of mammals, 770 species of birds (72 are among the most endangered species), and 5400 species of plants.


Physical Features

The Himalayan mountain kingdom stretches across most climatic zones where the highest peaks can easily reach 7570 meters (24,840ft) and low 97meters (318ft) from sub-tropical jungle in south to the alpine range towering Himalayan Mountains and Glaciers in North.


Bhutan had variation climate characters with the four seasons (spring, summer, autumn and winter). Southern Bhutan is closer to Indian borders are a hot, humid that fairly unchanging throughout the year. Temperatures can vary between 15-30 degrees Celsius. In central part of Bhutan climate bit cold and changing temperate. It has warm summer and cool, dry winter. With depending on the calamite condition a rain usually begin from June and continues to August. in Winter extremely could in north part of Bhutan which winter begin from November to January .

Culture & Tradition

Bhutan has remarkably reach culture heritage. Bhutanese are proud of culture heritage and legacy. Preservation of culture is one of the four pillars of Gross national Happiness. It consider the foundation identity of Bhutanese people and kingdom of Bhutan that the way we talk, the way we walk , the way we dress, the way we sing, the way we behave among friends, family, elder , the way we eat, these are all distinctly. The signs of strong tradition are evident to the Tourist or visitor from the impressive architecture and art of adoring the Bhutanese landscape. Bhutan describe as the unique in culture, deeply spiritual, mystical Kingdom, Faith in religion, textile and architectures are especially unmatched anywhere in the world and tourist can experience and fell the real heaven of happiness in Bhutan


The people in Bhutan are friendly and fun loving people, good in nature. Bhutan located in three parts, southern parts which has southern foothills, central parts which consist of fertile valley and the northern parts which has the highest range. In Bhutan most population are lives in center zone that mostly ruggedness of terrain and remoteness of the valley have led to the formation of many scattered communities throughout the Bhutan with the verities of languages. The people mostly describe that Ngalops are spoke by western parts of Bhutan . Sharchop from eastern Parts of Bhutan where as lhotshampa are from southern parts of Bhutan. But some percentage of people are lived isolated by practices their own herideritery that they are Doyas from south, monpas from central and nomads of laya, merak and sekten.